The first man in the subcontinent who provided for the genesis of the Two-Nation Theory was not a political thinker in today’s academic sense ,rather he was a very high-ranking Sufi who laid emphasis on the separate Islamic identity of Muslims in the teeth of overwhelming Hindu majority.It was Shaykh Ahmed Sirhindi (1564-1624) who clearly saw in his vision that the two peoples were poles apart and had nothing in common in any respect,proclaiming categorically that Hindus could never be accommodative and friendly towards Muslims.Ideologically speaking,this great saint laid the foundation-stone of the establishment of Pakistan more than three centuries ago.In fact, on both religious and political counts he claims our full indebtedness.Since he had deep impact on the subsequent course of history,reason demands that we should discuss his thought and teaching at length.